Diagnostic methods used in children with malocclusion

Original Article, Pol J Public Health 2020;130: 39-44

Justyna Pałka1, Grzegorz Zieliński1, Joanna Gawda2, Piotr Gawda1

1 Department of Sports Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

2 Orto-Optymist Orthodontic Center in Lublin, Poland


DOI_disc_logo 10.2478/pjph-2020-0009

© 2020 Medical University of Lublin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonComercial-No Derivs licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/)

Abstract

Introduction. With advances in technology, there has been a need for more precise imaging methods which have become an integral part of the orthodontic treatment plan.

Aim. The aim of this study is to present diagnostic methods that are currently used in children with malocclusion.

Material and methods. The materials analysed in this review are articles from PubMed and Google Scholar. To identify relevant publications, the search was carried out using the key word combination: imaging, diagnostics, malocclusion, children, orthodontics. The number of 16 research papers in which these keywords appeared were qualified for this review.

Results. According to the mentioned publications, pantomographic images are the most frequently recommended method for detecting dental anomalies. Cephalometry was used to observe changes in the facial axis and to measure the length of the jaw.

CBCT is being used more and more often, mainly to identify possible prognostic factors in the case of canine retention/eruption in the maxilla. The method of magnetic resonance imaging was also compared with cephalometric images.

Conclusions. 1. The pantomogram is a useful and frequently used method in the detection of craniofacial anomalies. 2. Cephalometry allows the effects of the treatment to be monitored. 3. CBCT is a significant diagnostic tool to assess the growth of craniofacial structures. 4. MRI diagnostics limits the patient’s exposure to harmful ionizing radiation. 5. There is a need to educate medical staff and conduct further research on the methods of diagnostic imaging in children.


Keywords: imaging, diagnostics, malocclusion, children, orthodontics.

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