Ageism attitudes of Ukrainian students
Original Article, Pol J Public Health 2020;130: 18-21
Eduard Krainikov, Eugeniy Prokopovych, Natalia Torbyak
Department of Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
© 2020 Medical University of Lublin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonComercial-No Derivs licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/)
Introduction. The article is devoted to the study of factors that determine the students’ ageism attitudes, as well as their perception of the image “I am the old”.
Aim. To investigate the connection between ageism attitudes with the indicators of conformism and control locus.
Materials and methods. Sample: 100 students of the Faculty of Psychology, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (specialty “social pedagogy” and “social work”). Toolkit: Leary interpersonal communication skills test, The level of empathy test (I. Yusupov), Big-5 personality questionnaire, The locus of control test (J. Rotter), Questionnaire of ageism attitudes (E. Krainikov).
Results. Younger youths are more conformal and less empathic than older youths. Regarding the openness to the new experience, there were no significant differences between the respondents of both groups. Older youths are characterized by internal control locus comparing to younger youths. In addition, older youths have more positive and objective view to aging and old age.
On the contrary, younger youths are more biased towards aging and old age.
Conclusions. The low level of conformism contributes to the formation of positive ageism attitudes, with the relative adoption of the image “I am the old”; the average level of conformism contributes to a balanced approach to aging and old age; a high level of conformism contributes to the formation of a negative ageism attitudes, testifies to the rejection of the image “I am the old”. Also, the ageism attitudes are affected by the level of subjective control. The internal control locus correlates with more positive
ageism attitudes. Youth associates with a decrease in the level of conformism and increased control of the internal locus; therefore, older youths show more positive ageism attitudes and are likely to adopt the image “I am the old”.
Keywords: Ageism attitudes, conformism, control locus, youth age.