Dental treatment needs in patients of a Lublin dental clinic aged 35-54

Original Article, Pol J Public Health 2016;126(3); 138-141

Ewa Kuchta1, Renata Chałas2, Leszek Szalewski3,
Elżbieta Pietryka-Michałowska4, Jolanta Szymańska1

1 Chair and Department of Paedodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
2 Chair and Department of Conservative Dentistry with Endodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
3 Department of Prosthetics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
4 Department of Mathematics and Biostatistics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

DOI: 10.1515/pjph-2016-0029

Abstract

Introduction. Evaluation of the oral health among adult Poles carried out in the framework of the “National Monitoring of Oral Health and Its Determinants” study and the research results of clinical centers in Poland indicate that dental caries, periodontal diseases and missing teeth are a major health problem.
Aim. The aim of the study was determining the reasons for reporting to the dentist of 35-54-year-old people, the assessment of dental health and prosthetic needs.
Material and methods. The study comprised 154 patients aged 35-54 reporting in 2015 to the dental clinic in Lublin, which offers treatment financed by the National Health Fund or for a fee. Gender, age, the place of residence and the reason for the reporting to the dentist were analyzed. The place of residence was a village, a town of less than 200 thousand inhabitants or the city of more than 200 thousand residents. The reason for reporting to the dental clinic was a check-up visit, toothache or loss of filling. Dental condition was assessed by calculating the DMF index. The prosthetic state and needs were evaluated. The results were statistically analyzed.
Results. Most patients reporting to the dental examination were women (59.09%) and residents of a big city (70.78%). More than a half of the patients (55.84%) had a check-up appointment, 25.32% appeared due to the loss of filling, and 18.83% – because of a toothache. The frequency of decay in the study group was 100% and the DMF index values ranged from 2.0 to 32.0, assuming an average of 21.18±5.02, and with the age the DMF index values increased. The highest number of decayed and extracted teeth were found in the rural population. Both residents of big cities and patients who reported for regular check-ups had the biggest number of fillings.
Conclusion. Dental caries is still a major health problem in Polish population aged 35-44. Poor oral health among the adult population in Poland is due to the low health awareness of society. This requires launching large-scale dental educational campaigns and prevention measures among adult Polish citizens, especially in rural areas.

Keywords

oral health, treatment needs, adults, Poland.

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