Personality traits in people addicted to alcohol raised by parents with alcohol dependence

Original Article, Pol J Public Health 2016;126(3); 116-121

Aneta Pyłypczuk1, Beata Pawłowska2, Emilia Potembska3,
Anna Urbańska2, Dariusz Malicki1

1 Alcohol Addiction Residential Treatment Department, M. Kaczynski Neuropsychiatric Hospital in Lublin, Poland

2 2nd Department of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Rehabilitation Medical University of Lublin, Poland

3 Department of Psychiatric Nursing Medical University of Lublin, Poland


DOI: 10.1515/pjph-2016-0024

Abstract

Introduction. Alcohol dependence syndrome constitutes a serious social problem not only due to personal and health consequences suffered by addicted individuals but also by their family members and, in particular, by children.
Aim. The aim of the study was to make a comparison of self-image, narcissism, methods of coping with stress and aggression in people addicted to alcohol who were raised by parents addicted and not addicted to alcohol.
Material and methods. 118 individuals addicted to alcohol were examined. There were 53 patients raised by non-addicted parents and 55 by parents addicted to alcohol. The average age of the group was 41.20 (SD=10.85) and the average period of alcohol addiction was 9.03 (SD=6.26) years. We used the following research tools: the Sociodemographic Survey of own construction, Adjective Check List ACL by Gough and Heilbrun, the Questionnaire of Narcissism by Denke, Hilgenstock and Müller, the Coping with Stress Questionnaire by Janke, Erdmann and Boucsein and the Aggression Questionnaire by Buss-Perry.
Results. We found presence of statistically significant differences in respect of traits of self-image, narcissism, methods of coping with stress and severity of aggression in people addicted to alcohol who were raised by parents addicted and not addicted to alcohol.
Conclusions. 1. Alcohol addicted women who were raised by parents with alcohol dependence are characterised by more negative self-image, greater need for getting support, dependence, fear of negative assessment by other people, passive ways of coping with stress and aggression not directly expressed – in comparison to the women raised by not addicted parents. 2. Men raised by alcohol addicted parents are characterised by greater narcissism and more often expressed physical aggression in comparison to men raised by not addicted parents.

Keywords

alcohol addiction, children of alcoholics, personality.

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