Knowledge of women living in Otwock county about breast cancer

Original Article, Pol J Public Health 2016;126(2); 59-62

Małgorzata Winiarska, Dariusz Matosiuk

Chair and Department of Synthesis and Chemical Technology of Pharmaceutical Substances, Faculty of Pharmacy with Medical Analytics Division, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

DOI: 10.1515/pjph-2016-0012

Abstract

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in women. In 2012 alone, some 17000 women developed breast cancer and the condition accounted for 5574 deaths. Breast tumor poses a huge threat for women aged 46-65 (working age) 
and other age groups are at an only slightly lower risk. An early diagnosis of breast cancer would increase chances of survival, which means that it is essential to educate women about breast tumors, risk factors, symptoms and diagnosis. 
The authors of this work aimed at assessing the knowledge of women residents of Otwock County about breast tumors. 
The study included a questionnaire including 31 questions, containing queries looking at women’s knowledge of breast tumors and it was distributed to residents of Otwock County between September and October 2014.
An analysis of the questionnaire responses suggests what follows: (i) women of all ages are not knowledgeable enough about cancer; (ii) medical professionals, like general practitioners, gynecologists, pharmacists and even nurses should encourage women to learn more about tumors, (iii) women still do not know how to perform breast self-exams, (iv) women are aware of the fact that routine checkups are essential but they do not have them and also mistake the names of preventive programs for names of institutions and organizations that deal with fighting cancer, (v) women still do not know that mammogram tests are free of charge and in order to have them done, they do not need to have a referral.

Keywords

breast cancer, risk factors, knowledge, Breast cancer prevention, the role of a pharmacist in sharing knowledge

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