Distribution of injuries among patients of Department of Trauma and Emergency Medicine ...

Original Article, Pol J Public Health 2016;126(1): 37-40

MARIUSZ JOJCZUK1, ADAM NOGALSKI1, TOMASZ KUCMIN1, PIOTR ŁUKASIEWICZ1,
PRZEMYSŁAW KRAKOWSKI2, ANDRZEJ PRYSTUPA3

1 Chair and Department of Trauma Surgery and Emergency Medicine, Medical University of Lublin 16 Staszica Str., 20-081 Lublin
2 Chair and Department of Trauma Surgery and Emergency Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Independent Public District Hospital in Leczna, Poland
4 Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, Poland


DOI: 10.1515/pjph-2016-0008

Abstract

Distribution of injuries among patients of Department of Trauma and Emergency Medicine of Independent Public Teaching Hospital No. 1 in 2011

Introduction. Injuries are an extremely important public health problem, in both developed and developing countries. Various traumas contribute to some one third of deaths of the entire human population followed by cardiovascular diseases and cancer only. Understanding the epidemiology of trauma might improve hospitals’ ability to provide proper diagnoses and treatment.

Aim. The aim of this study was to provide epidemiological characteristics of injuries in the analyzed group of patients.

Material and methods. A retrospective analysis of patients admitted in state of emergency and hospitalized in the Department of Trauma Surgery and Emergency Medicine at the Medical University of Lublin due to injuries that occurred from January 1st 2011 till December 31st 2011 was conducted. Mechanism of injury, mortality rate, age and gender correlations were studied.

Results. Some 485 patients were looked at in the study. The mortality rate reached 4.52% and was highest among males. Falling was the leading cause of injuries among patients

Discussion. The results of this study correspond with the observations of other authors concerning the age distribution. Mortality rates noticed in this study were lower than in other studies.

Conclusions. Trauma in elderly patients is a growing problem in trauma centers. Moreover, in the analyzed material incidence of blunt and non-transport related injuries increased.

Keywords

injury; epidemiology; blunt injury; penetrating injury.

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