Anxiety and stress in miscarriage

Review Article, Pol J Public Health 2015;125(3): 162-165

MARIOLA KICIA1, AGNIESZKA SKURZAK1, KRZYSZTOF WIKTOR2,
GRAŻYNA IWANOWICZ-PALUS1, HENRYK WIKTOR3

1 Independent Unit of Midwifery Skills, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

2 Chair and Department of Endocrine Gynecology, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
3 Midwifery Department, Gynecology and Nursing, Midwifery Department, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

DOI: 10.1515/pjph-2015-0046

Abstract

Miscarriage is defined as an adverse and unexpected termination of pregnancy before the completion of 22nd week of gesta­tion. Currently, abortion is the most common early reproductive failure. In Poland, more than 40 000 pregnant women a year lose pregnancy due to various reasons. There are many reports in literature on the risk of somatic consequences of miscarriage, while extra-somatic complications resulting from exposure to the strong influence of anxiety and stress, such as, for example: depression and psychosomatic disorders have not been paid too much attention to, yet. Abortion is accompanied by stress and a lot of negative emotions, such as anxiety. They may intensify both due to hospitalization and the need to implement treatment. These negative emotions destroy cognitive power of women, depriving them of their confidence, they can exacer­bate the sense of danger, lead to stress and hinder treatment.

 

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Keywords

miscarriage, emotions, anxiety, stress.

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