Independent public healthcare unit as an entrepreneur – considerations based on the Act on Medical Activity

Review Article, Pol J Public Health 2015;125(3): 159-161


1 Social Insurance Company (ZUS), Branch Office in Lublin, Poland
2 Chair and Department of Pedodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

DOI: 10.1515/pjph-2015-0045


An entrepreneur is someone that engages in a business activity on their own behalf. An entrepreneur might be a natural person, legal person and an organizational unit without legal personality, to which the legal capacity is given by a separate act. Regarding the current legislation, Supreme Court rulings and opinions contained in publications, the authors discuss the legal aspects of entrepreneur’s running an autonomous public health care facility. Since the act on medical activity has become law, both the status of health care facilities and the case law concerning their status as enterprises changed.


jurisdiction, business activity, medical activity, independent public healthcare unit, Poland.


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