Exposure to drugs, medications and stress during pregnancy

Original Article, Zdr Publ 2013;123(4):280-284

LUIZA ZALEWSKA1, JOANNA HORBACZEWSKA1, GRZEGORZ ZALEWSKI1,
ADAM FAŁKOWSKI2, KRZYSZTOF WŁOCH2, PIOTR KSIĄŻEK2

1 Students Scientific Society at the Department of Public Health, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
2 Department of Public Health, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

DOI: 10.12923/j.0044-2011/123-4/a.03

 

Abstract

Introduction. Literature provides much evidence of negative effects of alcohol, nicotine, or drugs in pregnancy. There are also data indicating the relationship of stress and physical work with many complications during this period.
Aim. The aim of the study was to assess the exposure of pregnant women to tobacco smoking, alcohol, stress, exercise, medications, and analysis of their awareness and knowledge on the subject, indicating the high-risk groups.
Material and methods. The study was conducted in August and September 2012 in gynecology and obstetric clinics in Lublin with 138 pregnant women. A questionnaire containing 26 questions was a proprietary research tool.
Results. In the study group, 25.3% of women were exposed to harmful tobacco compounds in the first trimester. Smoking was observed statistically more often among young women and the women exposed to high stress. Every fifth woman has abnormal knowledge of alcohol use observed significantly more often among women with unplanned pregnancy, young and under high stress level. Fifty per cent of economically active participants were performing physical work during pregnancy and 20.2% were exposed to high stress, which correlated significantly with higher education and performed “desk job”. Every fourth respondent among half of the respondents who use the self-treatment in case of complaint would apply NSAIDs. 
Conclusions. Lack of knowledge and awareness of pregnant women make them reach for harmful substances. Some pregnant women perform heavy physical work as well as are exposed to stress, which results in more frequent recourses to drugs. Some drugs are often seen as safe and accepted by pregnant women without consulting a doctor.

Keywords

attitudes of pregnant women, alcohol, smoking, drugs, stress, work conditions.

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