The use of electronic medical records in primary health care in the Podlaskie Voivodeship
Original Article, Zdr Publ 2013;123(2):107-111
BARTOSZ PĘDZIŃSKI1,2, PAWEŁ SOWA1, MAŁGORZATA KOŁPAK1, WALDEMAR PĘDZIŃSKI2,3, ANDRZEJ SZPAK1
1 Department of Public Health , Medical University of Białystok, Poland
2 Łomża Medical Center Ltd., Poland
3 Department of Clinical Nursing, Higher School of Agrobusiness in Łomża, Poland
Introduction. Despite the statutory obligation to keep medical records only in electronic form from August 1, 2014, there are no publications in the scientific literature on the current level of preparation of institutions in this regard.
Aim. The aim of this study is to determine the current level of the use of electronic medical records by primary care physicians in the Podlaskie Voivodeship.
Material and methods. The study was conducted using the CATI (Computer Aided Telephone Interviews) and the CAWI (Computer Aided Web Interview) methods. In total, results were obtained from 104 Primary Health Care units (PHC), which accounts for 44% of all health care providers having a contract for the provision the primary care physician services in the Podlaskie Voivodeship.
Results. The results show that only 14.7% of primary care physicians use the individual electronic medical record. As regards external medical records, prescription are generated and printed by 71.6%, medical referrals – by 39.8% and medical certificates – by 11.8% of the respondents. Transmission of medical data over the Internet practically does not exist, except for the access to the results of laboratory tests, which is declared by 28.2% of respondents.
Discussion. Despite the fact that currently all the doctors declare access to computers and the Internet in the PHC institutions, these resources are used primarily for the purpose of billing and verification of patient insurance status, not for keeping electronic medical records. The case of Denmark, where the use of electronic medical records among general practitioners reaches 100% indicates that the process is long-lasting, and it was achieved with strong substantial and financial support from the state.
Conclusions. In view of the computerization of the health care system in Poland, special attention should be paid to the computerization of healthcare providers themselves, including in particular providers of primary health care level. The concentration of efforts and resources only on central projects and computerization of hospitals may be a highly inefficient solution.
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electronic medical record (EMR), electronic health record (EHR), health information technology (HIT), e-health.