Cooperation of the school nurse with the teacher of physical education in implementing school health education
Original Article, Zdr Publ 2013;123(1): 15-18
MARIANNA CHARZYŃSKA-GULA1, BEATA DOBROWOLSKA2, HANNA KACHANIUK1, ANDRZEJ STANISŁAWEK1, AGNIESZKA BARTOSZEK1, KATARZYNA KOCKA1, ZDZISŁAWA SZADOWSKA-SZLACHETKA1
1 Community Healthcare Department, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
2 Nursing Development Department, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Introduction. Since September 2012, pursuant to the decision of the Minister of National Education, a new curriculum basis has been in force in Polish schools, delegating almost all the tasks connected with implementing health education to the teacher of physical education and the subject taught by him/her. One of the closest partners of the teacher of physical education is supposed to be the school nurse.
Aim. The aim of the survey was to define the scope of cooperation of nurses working in educational communities and teachers of physical education in implementing health education nearly a year after introducing the new curriculum basis.
Material and methods. The opinions of 46 school nurses from two non-state healthcare centres were investigated. The analysed group consisted in 100% of nurses taking care over the total population of students of schools in Lublin (43,948 students in 87 different-type schools). A diagnostic survey and elements of monographs of selected schools were used, together with the analysis of documentation of the healthcare centres.
Results. Over 32% nurses stated that cooperation with teachers of physical education is very rare and less effective than with other teachers, and nearly 24% admitted that they did not cooperate with them at all. When cooperation occurs, in 58.7%, it concerns physical culture and promoting motor activity, prophylaxis of accidents and injuries (almost 48%), and education associated with hygiene (approx. 24%). Despite the fact that over 10% students are overweight or obese, only 5 nurses cooperate with the teacher of physical education in the field of nutritional education. Only 3 respondents identified the teacher of physical education as the leader of health promotion at school and confirmed his/her greater activity in the recent period. In Health Promoting Schools, nurses have a better opinion about teachers of physical education and they cooperate with them more often.
Conclusions. According to the surveyed school nurses, their cooperation with teachers of physical education in implementing school health education – excluding the area of motor activity – is minimal and ineffective, despite substantial needs in this domain existing in the population of students and new requirements put in front of teachers in the new curriculum basis.
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school nurse, teacher of physical education, health education at school