Pregnant women’s attitudes toward smoking posing danger to foetuses and newborns

Original Article, Zdr Publ 2012;122(3): 274-278

MARZENA BUCHOLC1, HENRYK WIKTOR1, CELINA BUCHAJCZUK2

1 Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Obstetric-Gynecological Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin
2 Graduate of Midwifery of Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin

Abstract

Introduction. Smoking cigarettes is the most common addiction, also observed in women before and during pregnancy.
Aim. This study presents the attitudes of pregnant women towards smoking and the related risks to the foetus and the newborn.
Material and methods. The study was based on the author’s questionnaire and analysis of medical records.It was conducted in obstetric-neonatal units of three hospitals in Lublin, from July to September 2010.
Results. In the observed group, 64.5% women never smo-ked cigarettes. The remaining 35.5% admitted to the habit. Of the latter group 57.1% continued smoking during pregnancy, and 30 (42.9%) stopped. Cigarette smoking during pregnancy was statistically dependent (p<0.01) on marital status, education, profession and monthly family income per capita of the respondents. Smokers were significantly more often unmarried women, who did not work, with low income and vocational education, whereas age and the place of residence had no significance in this regard. Statistical analysis proved the existence of the correlation between women’s opinion on the role of the placenta in the protection of the foetus against tobacco smoke and smoking or not by the pregnant women. Significantly more often (p=0.000000) that was confirmed by the smokers. The collected data show that women smoking during pregnancy significantly more often (p=0.000000) believed that smoking while pregnant had no effect on the subsequent development of diseases in children.
Conclusion. Smoking during pregnancy is relatively common and it is related to women’s marital status, education, profession and monthly income per household member. Women smoking during pregnancy, significantly more often than non-smokers, believe that the placenta protects the child against the effects of tobacco smoke and deny the existence of any link between smoking and the occurrence of diseases in children.

Keywords

pregnant women’s attitudes, smoking, danger to foetuses and newborns

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