Health-related behaviours among physical education students as an element of their preparation for health education in schools
Original Article, Zdr Publ 2012;122(3): 246-250
MACIEJ MICHALIK, DONATA WOITAS-ŚLUBOWSKA
University School of Physical Education in Poznań, the Branch Faculty of Physical Culture in Gorzów Wielkopolski
Introduction. The ordinance of the Minister of Education of 23 December 2008, which has been in force since 1 September 2009, implements a compulsory module of health education in middle and secondary schools. Its implementation has been entrusted to physical education teachers who are supposed to play the role of health leaders in school environments.
Aim. This study aims to demonstrate the effect of the process of education at the university of physical education on health behaviour among future health leaders.
Material and methods. The study was carried out among male and female students (n=197) at the first and fourth year of full-time studies in physical education. An anonymous auditorium testing was applied, with the questions concerning: gender, study year and five health-related behaviours. The number of health-related behaviours was used for determining Health Practice Index (HPI).
Results. Regardless of the gender or study year, the survey demonstrated that the most frequent unhealthy behaviours were: improper diet, inadequate participation in leisure time physical activity and, slightly less frequent, sleep deprivation. The significantly more favourable HPI was found for: all students in the fourth year compared to all students in the first year, women in the fourth year compared to women in the first year, men in both study years compared to women.
Conclusions. Although more favourable Health Practice Indexes were found in the fourth year, the level of unhealthy behaviours among university graduates remains very high. Since the graduates in physical education majors are supposed to perform the functions of health leaders in school environments in the future, it seems necessary that promotion of their healthy lifestyles becomes an important, integral part of the didactic and educational process.
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physical education students, health education in school, Health Practice Index